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Investitori beže iz Rusije. Odliv kapitala iz Rusije čak 14 milijardi samo u januaru

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Elita
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23.453

Одлив средстава из русије је већи за 1 месец ове године, него за 3 месеца прошле године!


Investors withdrew $13 billion from Russia in January opting instead for safer assets and fleeing economic slowdown and corruption.

The Central Bank believes investors are retreating into better quality assets.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=237007
 

mar_comm

Elita
Poruka
24.450

Одлив средстава из русије је већи за 1 месец ове године, него за 3 месеца прошле године!


Investors withdrew $13 billion from Russia in January opting instead for safer assets and fleeing economic slowdown and corruption.

The Central Bank believes investors are retreating into better quality assets.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=237007
СТРАШНО !!!!

Баш сам се насекирао ....

:hahaha::hahaha::hahaha::hahaha:
 

Blonde Knight

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That's good for Russia

Six Myths About the Benefits of Foreign Investment
The Pretensions of Neoliberalism

By JAMES PETRAS

There are several myths about foreign investment propounded by orthodox economists, publicists for multinational corporations, and the press:

Myth #1 - Foreign Investment (FI) creates new enterprises, gains or expands markets and stimulates new research and development of local technological 'know-how'.

In fact most FI is directed toward buying privatized and profitable existing public enterprises and private firms, taking over existing markets and selling or renting technology designed and developed at the "home office". Since the late 1980's over half of foreign investment in Latin America was directed toward purchasing existing enterprises, usually at below market valuation. Instead of complementing local public or private capital, FI "crowds out" local capital and public initiative and undermines emerging technological research centers.

With regard to market expansion, the record is mixed: in some sectors where public enterprises were starved for funds, like telecommunications, the new foreign owners may have expanded the number of users and enlarged the market. In other cases, like water, electricity and transportation, the new foreign owners have reduced the market, especially to low-income classes, by raising charges beyond the means of most consumers.

The experience with foreign invesment and technological transfers is largely negative: over 80% of research and development is carried out in the main office. The "transfers of technology" is the rental of sale of techniques developed elsewhere, rather than local design. The multinationals usually charge subsidiaries excess royalty fees, service and management costs, to artificially or fraudulently lower profits and taxes to local governments.

Myth #2 Foreign invesement increases the export competitiveness of an industry, and stimulates the local economy via secondary and tertiary purchases and sales.

In reality foreign investors buy up lucrative mineral resources and export them with little or no value added. Most of the minerals are converted into semi-finished or finished value added goods - processed, refined, manufactured - in home countries or elsewhere, creating jobs, diversified economies and skills. The privatization of the lucrative giant iron mine Vale del Doce in Brazil in the 1990's has led to huge profits for the new owners and the sale of raw ore overseas, particularly to China in the 21st century. China converts iron ore to steel for transport, machine industries and a host of job-generating metallurgical enterprises. In Bolivia, the privatization of the gas and petrol industry in the mid 1990's has led to billions in profits in the 21st century and the loss of hundreds of thousands of jobs in processing and conversion of petroleum and gas into value added goods, plus failure to supply local low-income consumers. The extraction of raw materials is capital intensive using few workers. Processing and manufacture is more labor intensive and job creating.

Myth # 3 Foreign investors provide tax revenue to bolster the local treasury and hard currency earnings to finance imports.

The reality is foreign investors engage in tax frauds, swindles in purchasing public enterprises, and large scale money laundering.

In May 2005, the Venezuelan government has announced billion-dollar tax evasions and frauds committed by major overseas petroleum companies which signed on to service contracts since the 1990's. The entire Russian petroleum and gas sector was stolen by a new class of billionaire robber oligarchs, associated with foreign investors, who subsequently evaded taxes, as illustrated by the trial and conviction of two oligarchs, Platon Lebedev and Mikhail Khodorkovsky for $29 billion in tax evasion facilitated by US and European banks.

The impact of the multinational corporations on the balance of payments over the long run is negative. For example, most assembly plants in export zones import all their inputs machinery, design and know-how and export the semi-finished or finished product. The resulting trade balance depends on the cost of the inputs relative to the value of exports. In many cases the imported components charged to the local economy are greater than the value added in the export zone. Secondly most of the revenues from the export platform accrue to the capitalists since the key to success is low wages leading to the creation of personal empires.

The Brazilian experience over the past decade and a half illustratives the negative external balances resulting from foreign investment and externally funded investment. In 2004 Brazil paid foreign bankers $46 billion (USD) in interest and principle while receiving only $16 billion dollars in new loans, leading to a net outflow of $30 billion dollars. (2) Between January and April 2005 Brazil was bled for $4.6 billion (USD) in interest payments, $3.7 billion in profit remittances by multinational corporations, $1.7 billion for 'external services' and $7.3 billion in payments of principle in the debt. (3) The total drain of $17.3 billion dollars far exceeded the positive commercial trade balance of $12.2 billion dollars. (4) In other words, the FI-led export model led to new indebtedness to pay for the shortfall, the loss of employment by small and medium farmers at the mercy of the agro-business elites and the destruction of the environment.

Myth #4 - Maintaining debt payments is essential to securing financial good standing in international markets and maintaining the integrity of the financial system. Both are crucial to sound development.

The historical record reveals that incurring debt under dubious circumstances and paying back illegally contracted loans by non-representative governments jeopardized the long-term financial standing and integrity of the domestic financial system and led to a financial collapse, as displayed in he Argentine experience between 1976-2001.

A substantial part of the public external and internal debt was illegally contracted and had little development utility. A lawsuit launched by an Argentine economist, Olmos, against payment of the Argentine foreign debt revealed that the foreign private debts of Citibank, First National Bank of Boston, Deutsch Bank, Chase Manhattan Bank and Bank of America were taken over by the Argentine government. (5) The same is true of debts of subsidiaries of overseas banks. The Olmos lawsuit also documented how the Argentine dictatorship and subsequent regimes borrowed to secure hard currency to facilitate capital flight in dollars. The foreign loans went directly to the Central Bank, which made the dollars available to the rich who recycled the dollars to their overseas accounts. Between 1978-1981 over $38 billion USD fled the country. Most of the foreign loans were used to finance the "economic" openings, luxury imports and non-productive goods, especially military equipment. The Olmos case pointed to a perverse source of greater indebtedness: the Argentine regime borrowed at high interest rates and then deposited the funds with the same lender banks at lower interest rates leaving a net loss of several billion dollars, added to the foreign debt.
 

Blonde Knight

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Myth # 5 Most Third World countries depend on foreign investment to provide needed capital for development since local sources are not available or inadequate.

Contrary to the opinion of most neo-liberal economists, most of what is called foreign investment is really foreign borrowing of national savings to buy local enterprises and finance investments. Foreign investors and MNCs secure overseas loans backed by local governments, or directly receive loans from local pension funds and banks ­ drawing on the local deposits and worker pension payments. Recent reports on pension fund financing of US MNCs in Mexico shows that Banamex (purchased in the 21st century) secured a 28.9 billion peso (about $2.6 billion USD) loan, American Movil (Telcel) 13 billion pesos ($1.2 billion USD), Ford Motor (in long-term loans) (9.556 billion pesos) and one billion pesos (in short term loans), and General Motors (financial sector) received 6.555 billion pesos. (6) This pattern of foreign borrowing to take over local markets and productive facilities is common practice, dispelling the notion that foreign investors bring "fresh capital" into a country. Equally important, it refutes the notion that Third World countries "need" FI because of capital scarcity. Invitations to FI divert local savings from local public and private investors, crowd out local borrowers and force them to seek 'informal' money lenders charging higher interest rates. Instead of complementing local investors FI compete for local savings from a privileged position in the credit market, bringing to bear their greater (overseas) assets and political influence in securing loans from local lending agencies.

Myth #6 ­ The proponents of foreign investment argue that its entry serves as an anchor for attracting further investment and serves as a 'pole of development'.

Nothing could be further from the truth. The experiences of foreign-owned assembly plants in the Caribbean, Central America and Mexico speak to the great instability and insecurity with the emergence of new sources of cheaper labor in Asia, especially China and Viet Nam. Foreign investors are more likely than local manufacturers to relocate to new low-wage areas, creating a "boom and bust" economy. The practice of FI, in Mexico, the Caribbean and Central America, faced with competition from Asia, is to relocate, not to upgrade technology and skills or to move up to quality products. Finally a long-term study of the impact of foreign investment on development in India has found no correlation between this foreign investment and growth. (7)

In sum, reliance on foreign investment is a risky, costly and limiting development strategy. The benefits and costs are unevenly distributed between the "sender" and receiver. In the larger historical picture it is not surprising that none of the early, late or latest developing countries put foreign investment into the center of their development scheme. Neither the US, Germany and Japan in the 19th and 20th century, nor Russia, China, Korea and Taiwan in the 20th century depended on it to advance their industrial and financial institutions. Given the disadvantages cited in the text, it is clear that the way ahead for developing countries is throughminimizing it and maximizing national ownership and investment of local financial resources, skills and enlarging and deepening local and overseas markets through a diversified economy.

Because the negative economic, social and political costs of foreign investment are evident to increasing numbers of people in the Third World, particularly in Latin America, it is a major detonator of mass social movements, and even revolutionary struggles, as is the case in Bolivia during 2005. Since FI is a direct result of political decisions adopted at the highest level of government, mass social struggles are as much or even more so directed against the incumbent political regime responsible for promoting and mollycoddling foreign investment. The increasing turn of social movements toward political struggles for state power is directly related to the increasing recognition that political power and foreign investment are intimately connected. In the 21st century, at least in Latin America, all of the electoral regimes, which have been overthrown by popular majorities, had deep structural links to foreign investment: Gutierrez in Ecuador, Sanchez de Losada and Mesa in Bolivia and Fujimori in Peru.

The leader with the greatest sustained support in Latin America, President Chavez in Venezuela, is precisely the only one who has increased regulations and taxes on foreign investment and redistributed the increased revenues to the poor, working class and peasants. The question still remains whether this new infusion of energy and class awareness can go beyond defeating pro-FI regimes to constructing a state based on a broad alliance of class forces, which goes beyond 'nationalization' and toward a socialist economy.
 

lacabec

Domaćin
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Одлив средстава из русије је већи за 1 месец ове године, него за 3 месеца прошле године!


Investors withdrew $13 billion from Russia in January opting instead for safer assets and fleeing economic slowdown and corruption.

The Central Bank believes investors are retreating into better quality assets.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=237007
Jeste svi beze od Rusije i hoce da ulazu u Ameriku. Prodaj te zvake za ludake nekom drugom.
 

Nebac69

Domaćin
Poruka
4.915

Одлив средстава из русије је већи за 1 месец ове године, него за 3 месеца прошле године!


Investors withdrew $13 billion from Russia in January opting instead for safer assets and fleeing economic slowdown and corruption.

The Central Bank believes investors are retreating into better quality assets.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=237007
Nista cudno jer sam Brzenjevov KGB-ovac Putin drzi oko 20 MILJARDI pokradenog novca u svajcarskim bankama preko raznih fatnom firmi svoje familije. Abramovic je gotovo sav ruski novac izneo iz Rusije i doneo taj novac u Englesku, gde od novca od ruskog gasa pomaze englesku ekonomiju, ista je situacija i sa ostalim KGB Putinovim banditima. U biti svako ima novac i RUSKI je drzavljanin ne drzi novac u Rusiji, zato sto je to jako nestabilna KGB zemlja a sta mozes da ocekujes onda od stranih investitora koji su sami uvideli da u toj azijatskoj KGB mafisjakoj drzavi sam vrh te KGB mafije ne drzi novac u Rusiji.

Odakle ovom nekadasnjem GOLOGUZOM Brezenjevom KGB-ovcu 40 MILIJARDI dolara, za samo 10 godina od kad je ovaj KGB diktator dosao na vlast. Nije niti malo cudno sto 25 miliona Rusa zivi sa 100 vera mesecne plate, dok sav novac od nafte i gasa KGB mafija iznela iz zemlje.

Putinova imovina vredi 40 MILIJARDI DOLARA!!!!!http://upoverenju.blogspot.com/2010/12/vikiliks-putinova-imovina-vredi-40.html
 

lacabec

Domaćin
Banovan
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3.683
Nista cudno jer sam Brzenjevov KGB-ovac Putin drzi oko 20 MILJARDI pokradenog novca u svajcarskim bankama preko raznih fatnom firmi svoje familije. Abramovic je gotovo sav ruski novac izneo iz Rusije i doneo taj novac u Englesku, gde od novca od ruskog gasa pomaze englesku ekonomiju, ista je situacija i sa ostalim KGB Putinovim banditima. U biti svako ima novac i RUSKI je drzavljanin ne drzi novac u Rusiji, zato sto je to jako nestabilna KGB zemlja a sta mozes da ocekujes onda od stranih investitora koji su sami uvideli da u toj azijatskoj KGB mafisjakoj drzavi sam vrh te KGB mafije ne drzi novac u Rusiji.

Odakle ovom nekadasnjem GOLOGUZOM Brezenjevom KGB-ovcu 40 MILIJARDI dolara, za samo 10 godina od kad je ovaj KGB diktator dosao na vlast. Nije niti malo cudno sto 25 miliona Rusa zivi sa 100 vera mesecne plate, dok sav novac od nafte i gasa KGB mafija iznela iz zemlje.

Putinova imovina vredi 40 MILIJARDI DOLARA!!!!!http://upoverenju.blogspot.com/2010/12/vikiliks-putinova-imovina-vredi-40.html
Kolko te placaju da ovako s e r e s?
 

daxt

Elita
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17.080
Nista cudno jer sam Brzenjevov KGB-ovac Putin drzi oko 20 MILJARDI pokradenog novca u svajcarskim bankama preko raznih fatnom firmi svoje familije. Abramovic je gotovo sav ruski novac izneo iz Rusije i doneo taj novac u Englesku, gde od novca od ruskog gasa pomaze englesku ekonomiju, ista je situacija i sa ostalim KGB Putinovim banditima. U biti svako ima novac i RUSKI je drzavljanin ne drzi novac u Rusiji, zato sto je to jako nestabilna KGB zemlja a sta mozes da ocekujes onda od stranih investitora koji su sami uvideli da u toj azijatskoj KGB mafisjakoj drzavi sam vrh te KGB mafije ne drzi novac u Rusiji.

Odakle ovom nekadasnjem GOLOGUZOM Brezenjevom KGB-ovcu 40 MILIJARDI dolara, za samo 10 godina od kad je ovaj KGB diktator dosao na vlast. Nije niti malo cudno sto 25 miliona Rusa zivi sa 100 vera mesecne plate, dok sav novac od nafte i gasa KGB mafija iznela iz zemlje.

Putinova imovina vredi 40 MILIJARDI DOLARA!!!!!http://upoverenju.blogspot.com/2010/12/vikiliks-putinova-imovina-vredi-40.html
ti stvarno nemas pojma o danasnjoj Rusiji. Oligarsi su sabijeni u misju rupu i slusaju sta im kaze Gazda, Capo, bivsi direktor Federalne Sluzbe Bezbednosti i istocno nemackog STAZIJA, decko, Putin je krupna zverka, guja, ono sto treba Srbiji, da se ne lazemo...Rusija napreduje na svim poljima, od ekonomskog, demografskog, do vojnog i geostrateskog, za mesec dana severni tok ce doci do Nemacke, dakle, ne jedite gomna, svi znamo sta se sprema
 

NE-ZGODAN

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7.541

Одлив средстава из русије је већи за 1 месец ове године, него за 3 месеца прошле године!


Investors withdrew $13 billion from Russia in January opting instead for safer assets and fleeing economic slowdown and corruption.

The Central Bank believes investors are retreating into better quality assets.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=237007
Tvoja glupost je vec postala legendarna na ovom forumu, ...
 

Nebac69

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ti stvarno nemas pojma o danasnjoj Rusiji. Oligarsi su sabijeni u misju rupu i slusaju sta im kaze Gazda, Capo, bivsi direktor Federalne Sluzbe Bezbednosti i istocno nemackog STAZIJA, decko, Putin je krupna zverka, guja, ono sto treba Srbiji, da se ne lazemo...Rusija napreduje na svim poljima, od ekonomskog, demografskog, do vojnog i geostrateskog, za mesec dana severni tok ce doci do Nemacke, dakle, ne jedite gomna, svi znamo sta se sprema
HAHAHAH Bosanac samo sto nije tako........u virtualnom svetu Ilija Cvorovica.....

Pet vladara Rusije

KO JE KO Abramovič, Alikpertov, Lisin, Fridman i Vekselberg zajedno su teški 62,8 milijardi dolara, a bogatstvo cele ’prve stotke’ odgovara četvrtini ruskog BDP-a
Bruto društveni proizvod Rusije (BDP) i imovina najbogatijih Rusa mogli bi se za koju godinu izjednačiti. Sto najbogatijih Rusa imalo je, prema najnovijoj listi američkog časopisa Forbes, krajem prošle godine imovinu od 248 milijardi dolara, što je po vjednosti oko četvrtine BDP-a zemlje. Imovina im se za samo godinu dana povećala za 107 milijardi dolara!
Na prvom mestu je ponovno, već treću godinu za redom, vlasnik Sibneft i londonskog fudbalksog kluba Celsea, 40-godišnji Roman Abramovič, s imovinom od 18,3 milijarde dolara - 3,6 milijardi više nego krajem 2004. Više puta je u poslednjih godinu dana bi predmet pažnje vlasti u Europi i pod istragom za navodne prevare s kreditima MMF-a i pranjem novca, a uspešno je isplivao i iz skandala s izvanbračnim vezama.
Na drugom mestu je šef naftnog Lukoil Vagit Alikpertov, "težak" 12,7 milijardi. Njegova imovina će se, međutim, zahvaljujući ekspanzivnim planovima i akcijama vrlo brzo povećavati, jer Lukoil planira u proizvodnju nafte i plina uložiti 100 milijardi USD u idućih 10 godina, .
Treće mesto zauzima vlasnik čeličana NKMK Vladimir Lisin (11,3 milijardi). Na četvrtom i petom mjestu su vlasnik Alfa Groupe i niza industrijskih i građevinskih tvrtki Michail Fridman (10,4 milijardi) i Viktor Vekselberg, glavni akcionra rusko-britanskog naftnog diva TNK-BP (10,1 milijarda dolara).
Njihova imovina zajedno iznosi 62,8 milijardi dolara, što čini četvrtinu imovine najbogatijih 100 Rusa. Ukratko, najbogatijih 100 se i dalje brzo bogati, a među njima najbrže prva petorka.
Između šestog i desetog mjesta se nalaze (redom) Oleg Deripaska - aluminij (9 milijardi), Alexej Mordašov - čelik (8,5 milijardi), Vladimir Jevtušenkov - AFK sustava (7,7 milijardi) i s imovinom od po 7,6 milijardi dolara dva ortaka u Norilskom kombinatu nikla i Interrosu, Vladimir Potanin i Michail Prochorov....
Ali zbog te Putinove KGB mafije, koji sva novac izneli iz Rusije na ZAPAD, sve vise SIROTINJE u RUSIJI, jedu pse lutalice da bi milione Rusa zadovoljilo svoje dnevne potrebe za proteinima.

U RUSIJI SIROTINJE SVE VISE I VISE!!!!!

EKONOMSKA kriza u Rusiji osetno je povećala broj ljudi čija su primanja manja od životnog minimuma: sada ih je 24,6 miliona, za čak šest miliona više nego prošle godine. Pojedini ekonomisti tvrde da će sirotinje biti još više.
Eksperti kažu da su najugroženiji ljudi koji su izgubili posao, oni koji imaju decu, kao i poljoprivrednici. U Rusiji je sada, zvanično, minimalna plata samo 97 evra. Vlada je najavila da će ove godine podići taj iznos na 104 evra. U Moskvi je minimalna plata u septembru prošle godine bila 213 evra, a ove godine, iako je iznos u rubljama veći, zbog devalvacije, iznosiće samo 195 evra. Sergej Ulanov, rukovodilac Centra za izučavanje nivoa života pri Institutu socijalne politike Ruske akademije nauka, tvrdi da je danas u Rusiji bez stalnih primanja najmanje 15 miliona ljudi. Mnogi krizu preživljavaju zahvaljujući svojim - baštama.
http://www.novosti.rs/vesti/planeta.70.html:250101-Sirotinje-sve-vise
Wow..kakva ''obecana'' KGB-ovska zemlja......
 

Nebac69

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zapad zazire i plasi se Putina, zato sto im je unistio planove i povratio Rusiji snagu, danasnja Rusija nije ona od pre 10 godina, puno stvari se promenilo, sada je i Ukrajina na ruskoj strani, a uskoro ce i Srbija, svi to ocekuju
Zemlja koja ima najvisi broj obelelih od side, prave cifre oko 3 miliona kao u AFRICKIM zemljama, zemlja u kojoj svake godije umre 1 milion ljudi vise nego sto se rodi, zemlja u kojoj sve sto valja i ima mozga i obrazovano je odma pobegne da radi na Zapad, takve zemlja ne moze BIOLOSKI opstasti a kamoli da oni prete nekome. Rusija za 15-20 godina ce sve svoje sirovine sto izvoze iscrpeti i onda ce ziveti kao u Etiopjiji, jer ta zemlja ne moze da proizvede nista sto valja i svet hoce da kupi.
 

Nebac69

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Ех, кад би код нас било бар толико,
и кад би Деда Мраз обећао (и испунио бар то једно обећање) ...
Srbija je i dalje za te Azijate obecana zemlja.....sa prosecnim platama oko 400 evra mesecno......sto 25 MILIONA Rusa koji jedva primaju oko 104 EVRA MESECNO samo mogu o tim platama da sanjaju.

Prosečna plata u Srbiji u decembru 39.580 dinara

http://www.naslovi.net/2011-01-26/economy/prosecna-plata-u-srbiji-u-decembru-39-580-dinara/2286398
 

dr.mr

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zapad zazire i plasi se Putina, zato sto im je unistio planove i povratio Rusiji snagu, danasnja Rusija nije ona od pre 10 godina, puno stvari se promenilo, sada je i Ukrajina na ruskoj strani, a uskoro ce i Srbija, svi to ocekuju
u je....ako i Srbija predje na rusku stranu ovi sa zapada su ga nayebali skroz...

evo vec im se tresu ce - ga :lol:
 
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Bengazi

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zapad zazire i plasi se Putina, zato sto im je unistio planove i povratio Rusiji snagu, danasnja Rusija nije ona od pre 10 godina, puno stvari se promenilo, sada je i Ukrajina na ruskoj strani, a uskoro ce i Srbija, svi to ocekuju

Eno, Obami se tresu gaće od same pomisli na Putina i krstaričine patriote koje žive
u nekom svom, imaginarnom svetu.:hahaha::hahaha::hahaha::hahaha::hahaha:
 

daxt

Elita
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Zemlja koja ima najvisi broj obelelih od side, prave cifre oko 3 miliona kao u AFRICKIM zemljama, zemlja u kojoj svake godije umre 1 milion ljudi vise nego sto se rodi, zemlja u kojoj sve sto valja i ima mozga i obrazovano je odma pobegne da radi na Zapad, takve zemlja ne moze BIOLOSKI opstasti a kamoli da oni prete nekome. Rusija za 15-20 godina ce sve svoje sirovine sto izvoze iscrpeti i onda ce ziveti kao u Etiopjiji, jer ta zemlja ne moze da proizvede nista sto valja i svet hoce da kupi.
lupetas gluposti i lazes, prvo se informisi momak, uostalom vreme ce te demantovati
 
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Пази како је добро обавештен овај неидентификовани вегетирајући створ. Зна тачно до кинте колико има бивши шпијунски маг на тајним рачунима, поименинично колико држи на рачунима у свакој швајцарској банци. Који бооолесник :eek: Узгред Русија територијално обухвата дупло већу територију Европе него све земље ЕУ заједно и неупоредиво је више дала развоју европске и светске културне и научне баштине него што нејебицова усташка злотворевина може замислити а камоли да оствари.:hahaha:


Мали је број земаља где се могу постићи такве стопе раста продаје и остварити такви резултати, какви се остварују у Русији. Све већи број компанија се премешта из Москве у руске регионе, у којима су знатно повољнији услови за отпочињање бизниса, почев од економских до административних. На основу свега може се заклучити да данас Русија представља веома погодно тле за пословање, али и земљу у којој влада високи степен конкуренције и беспоштедна конкурентска борба, из које као победници излазе најспособнији и они који су на прави начин проучили ово специфично тржиште и прилагодили му се.

Индустрија и куповна моћ

Руска Федерација је највећа земља по површини у свету. Са популацијом од 145 милиона становника, високо образованом радном снагом и обилним природним богатством, Русија има огроман економски потенцијал.
По распаду Совјетског Савеза, 1991. године, Русија је покренула реформе које су имале за циљ трансформисање централизоване економије у систем слободног тржишта. Промене су подразумевале и свеобухватан процес приватизације, тако да је сада више од 75 одсто руске економије у приватном власништву. У последњих осам година забележен је константан раст бруто друштвеног производа (БДП) који у просеку изности 6,7 одсто годишње.
Зараде запослених расту бржим темпом од инфлације, па смо сведоци сталног раста реалних зарада и животног стандарда грађана Русије. У Русији је данас БДП по глави становника нешто већи од 4.000 долара. Руси више цене своју националну валуту, рубаљ, од долара или евра, сва штедња је у домаћој валути, а инфлација се креће
од 9 - 11 одсто. Та велика земља остварује суфицит у спољнотрговинској размени са светом од 160 милијарди долара и располаже великим златно-девизним залихама, а велики је светски произвођач и извозник нафте и плина.
 

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