Evo malo podataka dobijenih od G-dina Vlade K.
Neka ova tema bude za zvanicne podatke od Vlade Australije.
Australia, New Zealand
Australia, with 22 million residents, admitted 171,318 immigrants in 2008-09, including 114,777 admitted after at least one family member achieved enough points under the point-selection system to be eligible for an immigration visa. A third of Australian immigrants were "onshore" or in the country when they received immigration visas.
The three leading countries of origin for skill-based immigration were the UK, India, and China. Skilled or point-based migration was reduced in 2009-10 because of the financial crisis.
Immigration has been increasing. Net migration contributed to about two-thirds of Australian population growth in recent years, which exceeded two percent. The foreign-born are 26 percent of Australian residents and 27 percent of Australian workers.
Australia admits 13,750 foreigners a year for humanitarian reasons, primarily resettled refugees and foreigners who apply for asylum and are recognized as refugees. In recent years, more foreigners are arriving by boat from Indonesia and applying for asylum. Some 4,750 foreigners sought asylum in Australia in 2009, up from 3,980 in 2007 but down from 13,000 in 2000.
There is free movement between Australia and New Zealand- nationals of the two countries can travel freely and work and settle in the other country. Most of the movement is from New Zealand to Australia. In mid-2009, it was estimated that almost 550,0000 New Zealand nationals, equivalent to 13 percent of New Zealand residents, were living in Australia.
Guest Workers. Australia has traditionally admitted immigrants rather than temporary workers. The 457-visa program, introduced in 1996 in response to complaints of shortages of skilled workers, expanded rapidly. There is no cap on the number of 457-visas, and holders may apply for immigrant status after four years in Australia.
The number of 457-visas issued fell from 110,570 in 2007-08 to 101,290 in 2008-09; the leading countries of origin in 2008-09 were the UK, 21,000; India, 14,770; and the Philippines and South Africa, 9,700 each. New employer requests for 457 visas fell after the government raised the minimum wage and English proficiency requirements July 1, 2009.
The Working Holiday Maker (WHM) program admits young people (ages 18 to 30) from 24 countries for a 12-month work-and-learn experience in Australia. Admissions doubled from about 74,500 in 1999-00 to 154,150 in 2007-08, and rose to 194,100 in 2008-09 despite the recession; the leading countries of origin were the UK and Korea, which each accounted for about 40,000 WHM visas in 2008-09. About 60 percent of WHMs who were employed were in hotels and restaurants and agriculture- those employed in rural areas (regional Australia) can stay 24 months.
However, the most significant growth in temporary foreigners who can work among foreign students allowed to work 20 hours a week while studying and full time during vacation breaks. Some 320,368 student visas were issued in 2008-09; the leading countries of origin were India, China, Nepal and Korea.
Furthermore, foreign students completing degrees in fields that are on occupational shortage lists can obtain immigrant visas. With cooks, hairdressers and other trade occupations on shortage lists, schools quickly advertised for students in India and elsewhere, attracting students who wanted to become immigrants. Many of the schools were substandard, prompting Skills Australia, an independent agency, to reduce the number of shortage occupations from 400 to 181 on July 2010.
Without the extra points for having a shortage occupation, it will be harder for foreign students who graduate from Australian schools to become immigrants. In 2007-08, over 5,000 of the 41,000 general skills visas went to cooks and hairdressers, over three-fourths of whom had studied in Australia.
Some 81,000 settled residents left Australia in 2008-09; half were born in Australia, and half were born outside Australia.
New Zealand. New Zealand plans to admit 45,000 immigrants in 2009-10, 60 percent in the economic stream; 32 percent in the family unification stream; and eight percent in the humanitarian stream. About 60 percent of the 46,100 immigrants admitted in 2008-09 had previously held a New Zealand work permit.
Some 136,481 foreigners received New Zealand work permits in 2008-09, up slightly from 2007-08 and more than double the less than 60,000 in 2000-01.
Some 74,000 foreigners were approved to study in New Zealand in 2008-09, up slightly from 2007-08; the three leading countries of origin were China, Korea and India.