Pogledajte majko mila u Ukrajini ekonomija pala za 14,4 odso u novembru, a idnustrijska proizvodnja skoro 30 odsto!!!! Auuuuuuuuuu. KATASTROFA! Eto sta ucini to djubre Juscenko svojoj zemlji. To treba odmah na vesala!!!
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I ovde:Ukrajinska privreda se ubrzano bliži recesiji
18. decembar 2008. | 14:35
Bruto domaći proizvod (BDP) Ukrajine u novembru je ubrzao pad i na godišnjem nivou je bio niži za 14,4 odsto, što je najgori rezultat za više od deset godina, uslovljen pre svega aktuelnom svetskom krizom, objavio je statistički ured te zemlje.
Ekonomija se tako ubrzano bliži recesiji, jer je tempo rasta od 5,8 odsto, koji je zemlja registrovala od januara do oktobra, u periodu januar - novembar smanjen na 3,6 odsto. Rezultat je mnogo gori od procene analitičara, koji su očekivali da će se od januara do novembra tempo privrednog rasta usporiti na 4,6 odsto.
Ukrajinski predsednik Viktor Juščenko je izjavio da se u prvom tromesečju sledeće godine situacija verovatno neće značajnije promeniti. Privreda bi, kako je rekao, mogla da padne za sedam do deset odsto.
Glavni razlog pada BDP je industrijska proizvodnja, čiji obim je u novembru smanjen za gotovo 30 odsto. Istovremeno, u celom svetu jenjava tražnja, a uticaj imaju i niže cene čelika i hemikalija, koje su glavni izvozni artikl Ukrajine.
Ukraine and the economic crisis of 2008
Ukraine was hit heavy by the economic crisis of 2008, analysts say the plights of Ukraine are slumping steel prices, local banking problems and a threatened cutting of Russian gas supply in the New Year. The also say the situation is not as problematic as in is as Iceland, which had banking debts several times the size of its gross domestic product. Key industries such as metallurgy and machine building are laying off workers, and real wages have started to fall for the first time in a decade. This makes it hard for Ukrainians to make payments on loans, many of which, especially mortgages, were issued in dollars. Since most people are paid in hryvnyas, they have to buy dollars with the weak hryvnya and are paying back much more on the loans than they had expected. The share of problem loans in bank portfolios grew to 10.3 percent by December 11 and is continuing to grow. Banks have all but stopped issuing loans, and clients have hurried to withdraw deposits. In October the National Bank of Ukraine introduced a moratorium on withdrawals ahead of schedule.
Industrial output in November tumbled 28.6 percent, following a 19.8 decline in October. Steel production slumped 48.8 percent, oil refining and chemical output fell 35.2 percent and machine building by 38.8 percent. Ukraine`s economy shrunk 14.4 percent year-on-year in November 2008. Statistical data showed the gross domestic product (GDP) growth slowed to 3.6 percent in January-November compared to 5.8 percent in January-October. Ukraine`s Economy Ministry expects the economy to grow 3.5-4.0 percent in 2008. The Hryvnia also lost value.
According to a poll (held November 25 through December 5, 2008) by the Horshenin Institute of Management Problems about 79% of those polled suffered from rise in prices, about 29% from delays in payment of salaries. More than some 20% have suffered from reduction of salaries. In the families of some 14.8% somebody lost their job, and some 6% said their enterprise shut down. A total of 90.8% of those polled described their financial state as "making both ends meet" and 83.1% said they are short of money for food. Only 2.4% of Ukrainians said they were not hit by the economic crisis at all.
Mid-December 2008 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has lowered the forecast for Ukraine's GDP in 2009 from a 2.5% growth rate to a 5% decline, the same day the Cabinet of Ministers worsened the GDP growth forecast to 0.4% from 6% for 2009.
In November 2008, the IMF approved a stand-by loan program for Ukraine to the tune of $16.5 billion.
In November 2008, the official unemployment rate increased by 0.4 percentage point to 2.3, the State Statistics Committee said that as of December 1 (2008), it registered 640,000 unemployed people.